created: 04/27/00; revised: 07/06/02, 06/07/03, 07/20/06, 08/06/2011
often encounters problems as it executes.
It may have trouble reading data,
there might be illegal characters in the data,
or an array index might go out of bounds.
enables you to
deal with such problems.
Using it, you can write programs that
recover from problems and keep on running.
This is important.
Most programs should not crash
when the user makes an error!
Input and output is especially error prone. Exception handling is essential for I/O programming, the topic of the next several chapters.
Inspect the following. What went wrong?
C:\cs151\chap80>java Square Enter an integer: rats Exception in thread "main" java.util.InputMismatchException at java.util.Scanner.throwFor(Unknown Source) at java.util.Scanner.next(Unknown Source) at java.util.Scanner.nextInt(Unknown Source) at java.util.Scanner.nextInt(Unknown Source) at Square.main(Square.java:12) C:\cs151\chap80>