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created: 11/07/98; revised: 10/27/99, 01/22/00, 07/17/02, 05/24/03, 01/19/06, 07/31/14; audio: 03/21/04

CHAPTER 39 — Increment, Decrement, and Assignment Operators

You already know everything that is essential about arithmetic expressions and assignment statements. This chapter discusses additional operators that can be used to write shorter expressions and assignment statements. You will use them often and will need to know them to read most Java programs.

Chapter Topics:


(Thought question:) What simple operation does an executing program perform most often?

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You are not thinking very hard if you need a .